Artificial Intelligence – Its Application and Components


Artificial Intelligence can be defined as “Developing computer programs to solve Complex problems by applications of process that are analogous to human reasoning process.

Artificial Intelligence comes under the Soft Computing Techniques

Artificial Intelligence can also be defined as

“The science of making computer do things that require intelligence when done by humans. Artificial intelligence is a branch of science which deals with helping machines find solutions to Complex problems in almost human like fashion. This generally involves borrowing characteristic from human Intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a computer friendly way. A more or less flexible or efficient approach can be taken depending on the requirements established, which influence how are artificial the intelligent behavior appears.”

Artificial intelligence is the study of how to make computers do things at which at the moment people are better. Its main aim is depends upon the situation to take the decision automatically. AI is a scientific research. It is a part of computer system that is concerned with designed, intelligent computer system that is system that exhibits the characteristic we associate with intelligence in human behavior.

Artificial intelligence is concerned with intelligent behaviour in artefacts. Intelligent behaviour in terns, involves perception, reasoning, learning, communicating and acting in complex environments. AI has as one of its long term goals the development of machines that can do this things as well as human can, or possibly even better. Another goals of AI is to understand this kind of behaviour whether it occurs in machines or in humans or other animals.

Artificial intelligence has many sub fields which involves neural networks, Evolutionary computation, expert system, Natural Language Processing, planning, Robotics, vision but they employee common techniques such as representation, learning, rules, search.

Application of Artificial Intelligence

The major application of AI are given below –

  1. Game playing
  2. Speech recognition
  3. Understanding natural language
  4. Computer vision
  5. Expert systems
  6. Heuristic classification
  7. Fuzzy logic

Component of artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence has following components –

  1. Learning
  2. Reasoning
  3. Problem solving
  4. Perception
  5. Language understanding

Conventional computing vs Artificial Intelligence

Conventional computing cannot explain reasoning and its system is made of algorithms and Data Structure. Whereas artificial intelligence built system have ability to explain reasoning and composed of heuristics and inference engine with knowledge base.

  1. Artificial Intelligence processing type is symbolic whereas conventional computing uses numeric processing type.
  2. Artificial Intelligence uses heuristic search technique whereas conventional computing uses algorithmic search technique.
  3. Artificial intelligence uses large knowledge base whereas conventional computing uses large database.
  4. Artificial intelligence process is based on inference whereas conventional computing process is based on repetitive.
  5. Modification in artificial intelligence has been done frequently, Modification in conventional computing has been done rarely